AMPERE: The unit of measure for electric current.

ATOM: The smallest unit of matter that consists of extremely tiny particles with three parts: protons, neutrons and electrons.

CONDUCTOR: A material that allows energy or electricity to flow through it, such as foil, metal wires, water, and people.

CONSERVATION: using something, like energy or water, wisely instead of wasting it.

CONSUMPTION: the using up of goods or services, either by consumers or in the production of other goods.

DEMAND: the quantity of a commodity wanted at a specific price and time.

ECONOMY: relating to the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services.

ELECTRIC METER: A device that tracks the usage of electricity, usually located outside a house or business.

ELECTRICITY: The flow of moving electrons. A secondary source of energy. Electricity normally travels in the form of electrons moving along a wire.

ELECTRON: The part of an atom that continuously orbit around the outside of the nucleus. Electrons have a negative charge.

ENERGY: the ability to do work.

ENVIRONMENT: all external conditions and influences affecting the life, development and the survival of an organism.

FUEL CELL: a device in which fuel and oxygen are combined to produce chemical energy that is converted directly into electricity.

GENERATE: To produce something, for example, to produce electricity.

GENERATOR: A machine that uses large magnets and coils of copper wire to create an electric current that is sent through the power lines, which can be above or below the ground.

GEOLOGIST:  scientist who studies origin, history, structure and composition of the earth, key in locating underground energy deposits.

GROUND: A ground is the earth or something touching the earth, like a fence, puddle or even a tree. A live wire that has already found a ground may lie silent but be equally dangerous.

INSULATOR: A material that does not allow energy or electricity to flow through, such as paper, wood, glass, rubber, and plastic.

KINETIC ENERGY: Energy in motion, such as the water falling or flowing over a dam.

LIVE WIRE: An electrical wire that still has an electric current.

MAGNETIC: having the property of attracting like material.

METER: device used for measuring electricity.

MINERAL: A solid inorganic substance, such as silver or gold, which is taken from the earth.

NATURAL PROCESSES:  produced or existing in nature, not artificial or man-made; natural forces: wind, water, etc.

NEUTRONS: Neutrons have no electric charge and are located within the nucleus (the heart of the atom).

NONRENEWABLE: any natural resource that requires ages of natural processes to produce and cannot, therefore, be replaced.

NUCLEUS: Protons and neutrons are in the center of the atom, making up the nucleus. Electrons surround the nucleus.

POLLUTION: waste material discarded or discharged into the earth, air, or water that is harmful to the environment.

POTENTIAL ENERGY: Energy waiting to be released, such as a lake or a pool of water.

PROTONS: Protons have a positive electric charge and are located within the nucleus (the heart of the atom).

REGULATIONS: laws, rules, or other orders prescribed by authority to regulate conduct; implementing best practices to minimize environmental and social impacts.

RENEWABLE: capable of being replaced or replenished, able to use again.

SECONDARY ENERGY SOURCE: Generated from a primary source, usually a natural resource such as solar, oil, coal, natural gas, nuclear, water or wind.

SUBSTATION: A machine that is used to increase the voltage for businesses OR decrease the voltage for houses. A substation can be located in and around the town or city with a high fence and many signs warning everyone of “HIGH VOLTAGE”.

SUPPLY: the availability of a desired commodity.

TRANSFORMER: Electric equipment used to transfer electricity from the wires to the houses or businesses. May be seen as a large green box on the ground (pad-mount transformer) or a cylindrical container attached to the top of the electric poles.

VOLT: The unit of measure for electricity.

VOLTAGE GRADIENT: The voltage is highest in the ring closest to the center of ground impact and decreases with distance.

WATT: The unit of measure for power.